The economies of most developed countries in the world are highly supported by substantial contribution from the agricultural sector. Many countries in the world (both developed and under developed nations) rely heavily on agriculture and exportation of agricultural produce. For instance, Malawi is an underdeveloped nation, yet more than 90% of the revenue realized comes from exportation of agricultural products such as tea, sugarcane, coffee and mostly tobacco which accounted for 50% of her revenue realized.
There is no element of doubt that the world population is increasing virtually every year. Their population in China and India are already in billions while many other nations’ population are in their millions. World population is said to be 7.8 billion and it is projected to reach 9 billion by 2037. As the world’s population keeps increasing then the keen importance for increase in food production becomes inevitable.
Huge population demands huge food production to feed on, hence the issue of food insecurity becomes epic concern. Food insecurity occurs when an individual is unable to access daily food. However, recent report from UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) singles out 10 countries that are likely to face the issue or problem of food insecurity. These countries are: Yemen, South Sudan, Venezuela, Sudan, Zimbabwe, Cameroon, Burkina Faso, Haiti, Afghanistan and Nigeria. In addition, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) published an article in April 2nd, 2019 on its blog with a caption “Global Report on Food Crises: 113 million people in 53 countries experienced acute hunger in 2018”. All of these reveal to us that there is already food insecurity in some parts of the world.
The stark truth is that agriculture in some parts of the world, mostly Africa, are lagging behind in what is practised in developed world standards. Many countries in Africa lack notable infrastructure to support agricultural activity or productivity, for instance, many of the farmers in Africa are small holder farmers depending mainly on rainfall to commence their farming activities while in developed nations powerful artificial irrigation is used to support farming activities during the dry season.
In underdeveloped countries, most especially in Africa, there is low level of agricultural productivity which fails to match the huge demand for food, hence food insecurity becomes an epic challenge in some of these nations. This explains why some of these countries spend huge amounts on food importation.
Considering the huge population and the manifestation of food insecurity in some countries, this calls for global increase in agricultural farming, mostly in Africa, that will lead to increase in quality food production and efficient food storage to sustain safe distribution of food around the globe. These are the ways to tackle food insecurity and the increase in global population. It is important to note that the more we go into farming the more opportunities await us as the world population keeps increasing. The two most important things for man’s sustainability are water and food. Food is necessary to keep man alive, therefore, as the population continues to increase worldwide the demand for food items will also be on high demand globally. However, farming activities that would be able to cope with the huge population coupled with efficient storage are inevitable, otherwise, food insecurity will be a global epic challenge, mostly for countries which are unable to produce sufficient food needed for consumption in their countries.